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Victims of Human Trafficking 


Regulation of the Victim Support Services since 1.01.2017 in Estonia

By the Victim Support Act (VSA) there are 2 categories of victims:

1. identified victim - by the VSA it is a victim of trafficking in human beings /identified victim who is a person in the case of whom criminal proceedings have been initiated with regard to the criminal offence committed against him or her based on the elements of criminal offence provided for in §§ 133 to 1333, 138 to 140 or 175 of the Penal Code or based on the elements of criminal offence provided for in any other similar foreign penal code;

2. presumed victim - by the VSA it is an alleged victim of trafficking in human beings is a person:
  • who has been preliminarily identified in Estonia by an organisation engaged in helping victims of trafficking in human beings and filed information with the Estonian National Social Insurance Board about a suspicion that the person may be a victim of trafficking in human beings; or
  • in respect of whom a competent foreign authority has submitted information to the Estonian National Social Insurance Board about falling victim of trafficking in human beings in that state.
Persons are entitled to get the services:
  • an organisation engaged in Estonia in helping victims of trafficking in human beings has submitted information to the Estonian National Social Insurance Board about a suspicion that the person may be an alleged victim of trafficking in human beings, and the Social Insurance has decided to provide the victim support service to the person;
  • a competent foreign authority has submitted information to the Estonian National Social Insurance Board about an Estonian citizen or a permanent resident of Estonia falling victim of trafficking in human beings in that state.

1. In criminal proceedings are not commenced in the cases, services shall be provided victims of trafficking in human beings and sexually abused minors to the extent of 60 days as of notification of the Estonian National Estonian National Social Insurance Board of refusal to commence criminal proceedings;

2. a person is entitled to receive the services for up to 60 days as of the decision of the Estonian National Social Insurance Board on provision of victim support services;

3. if the victim is an insured person for the purposes of § 5 of the Health Insurance Act, the costs of the health care services provided to the person in the framework of victim support services shall be compensated for to the extent not covered by health insurance;

4. provision of the services provided for does not constitute a legal basis for stay of an alien in Estonia or postpone the performance of the obligation to leave Estonia.

All this leads:
  • To offer root level help to the victims and also presumed victims, should lead to increased number of victims getting state offered services;
  • NGOs offering services are again back in identifying the victims;
  • Recovering time (60 days) allows motivating victims to start criminal proceedings, which should lead to the better quality proceedings.
  • Victims beings trafficked abroad are able to get services in Estonia.

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